Pittviewer on the KDKA news!

The Pittviewer site was on the KDKA news tonight!  The website link is here and the video is here.

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The Mansion of Ironies

I’ve been wanting to do a blog about one of the more prominent families in Pittsburgh for a while and in my research, came across this fascinating article.  It was written by Gene Scott and featured in the Post-Gazette in 2009:

The Schenley Mansion once had been the elegant home of William Croghan, a prominent lawyer who built the 22-room, Greek Revival-style house in 1830 for his daughter Mary, their only surviving child. Mary’s mother died a few months after she was born in 1827.

Ironically, at the age of 15, Mary Croghan ran off from a New York boarding school in 1842 with the director’s brother-in-law, British Capt. Edward Schenley, who was more than twice her age. At the time, this was scandalous. Queen Victoria, who had learned of the misbehavior of Miss Croghan, refused several times to see her. Her enraged father even tried to intercept the honeymooners on their way across the ocean. He also suffered the first of several strokes.

The mansion, called “Picnic House” because of the parties Croghan held there, went pretty much unused after his daughter left. Unrelenting, Croghan visited her in England several times and even bought a house in London for the couple. In hopes of his daughter’s eventual return home, Croghan had his will changed to protect against any possible sale of the mansion. He even had a large brick addition built, just in case she ever came back.

The heart-broken Croghan died there in 1850, alone except for his butler, Cox.

During the Civil War, the Croghan property became known as Fort Croghan when it became the site of gun battery placements for the defense of Pittsburgh. They, of course, went unused except for practice. The mansion itself, however, was never used by the family again, although Elizabeth Koehler remained there as caretaker until 1912, except for frequent voyages to England. She also was the Schenley children’s nurse.

Mary Croghan Schenley, who already was a wealthy heiress of the estate of her grandfather, Gen. James O’Hara, returned there several times before her own death at age 77 in 1903. O’Hara, U.S. Quartermaster General in the Revolutionary War, had made a fortune in the civilian supply trade. Given the circumstances, perhaps the mansion could have been haunted after all.

Despite all that happened, Mary Schenley exhibited redeeming qualities, especially in her later years.

Perhaps best known are her donations in 1889 of a large part of the family’s landholdings in Oakland that became Schenley Park and the Old Fort Pitt Blockhouse at the Point in 1894. The Schenleys’ daughter Hermione, Lady Ellenborough, visited Pittsburgh and the mansion several times after her mother’s death, the last time in 1926. Even after all that time, Croghan’s will provided for the preservation of the home and furnishings in the event one of the children returned.

One explanation for Croghan’s persistence could have been that he and his wife also ran off to get married. In any case, Lady Ellenborough finally relented and a public sale of the mansion’s furnishings was held in 1931. In an interview 10 years later, Mrs. Koehler’s daughter Caroline, who’d continued as legal caretaker of the estate, recounted these and other twists and turns in the Schenley family tale.

Ironically, it is not the Schenley’s but the fortunes of Croghan’s wife, Mary O’Hara, that were behind most of the family’s philanthropies. Mary inherited her father’s vast holdings and passed them on through her husband and their daughter, who became Mary Croghan Schenley. Her sister Elizabeth married Harman Denny, who was the son of Ebenezer Denny, Pittsburgh’s first mayor.

The story of that family’s prominence in Pittsburgh’s history is an enticing subject in itself.

The pond behind the mansion was part of the eighth hole of the Stanton Heights golf course, which opened in 1909. The Golf Club leased the property from the Croghan estate. They used the addition as a clubhouse, sometimes holding larger events in the unoccupied mansion.

The Golf Club, billed as Pittsburgh’s largest private course, bordered the edges of Morningside and Garfield and the Allegheny Cemetery. During World War II, it fell into disuse and was closed after 1950.

After the golf club closed, the land and the mansion were sold to steel company owner William Miller, who had the mansion torn down by 1955. The land was sold to several developers who built some 400 homes on the site. Some of its streets are continuations of those from other parts of Stanton Heights east of Stanton Avenue, but in remembrance, one was named Schenley Manor Drive.

Miller had the mansion’s ballroom and oval foyer carefully dismantled and moved to the University of Pittsburgh Cathedral of Learning. The Croghan-Schenley rooms have been a principal attraction there since restoration was completed in 1982.

Rumors of hauntings have continued even there, including the voice of Mary Croghan Schenley and strange visitors to the rooms at night.

Go to the Pittviewer and look at the maps of the property and what it looks like today.

Western Penitentiary (Allegheny Commons)

The original Western Penitentiary was built in the Allegheny Commons area which itself was made into a municipal park in the 1860s.  The prison was designed to look like a medieval fortress, was completed in 1825 and remained in the Commons until 1886 when it was demolished.  In 1882, a new prison was built along the Ohio River, where it remains to this day.

Some of the prisons famous guests include 118 confederate soldiers who were captured near Lisbon, Ohio in 1863.  Eight did not make it past the harsh winter that year.  The rest were later transferred in 1864. 

The Lawrenceville Historical Society has an excellent article with all of the soldiers names, ranks, and locations, along with some of the letters written by the men living in the prison.  It gives a great glimpse into that prison life.

Go to the Pittviewer and look at the 1835, 1855, 1872 and 1882 maps of this long forgotten site.

Hotel Schenley

Schenley Hotel

Built in 1898 by Franklin Nicola as part of his vision for the area.  He wanted to create a high society that Pittsburgh could be proud of- the beginning of a Civic Center where the elites could gather.  The initial construction was 10 stories with 250 rooms.  An 11thfloor laundry was added in 1911.  It was host to presidents Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft and Dwight Eisenhower.  The US Steel Corporation was essentially born here- J.P Morgan bought Carnegie Steel from Andrew Carnegie

Hotel Schenley & Apts

1925 Hopkins map

for $492 million- and was celebrated at the “Meal of Millionaires” in 1901, where 89 of them assembled in a single room. It also hosted many banquets- here’s a menu from the 1900 Christmas here and here.

Absolutely fireproof!

In 1909, Forbes Field opened down the street and the hotel became a place for ball players to stay during road games against the Pirates.  The University of Pittsburgh also moved in next door, migrating from its northside location.  As grand as it was, the hotel was on an island.  It became surrounded by hospitals, private clubs and university facilities.  Even the 1924 $7 million addition of the Schenley Apartments which adjoined the hotel could keep things afloat.  Cultural centers and ideals had shifted to downtown Pittsburgh.  In 1956, the hotel was sold to the University of Pittsburgh and became a dormitory and later the student Union.

Go to the Pittviewer and look at the 1903, 1910 and 1925 maps of the hotel.

Schenley Hotel in the 1930s